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Technical Terms and Abbreviations Glossary: S

Server, Shareware, Shareware Concept, SIM, SIM Toolkit, SLR, Smartphone, Smartphone Zombie, Software, Source Code, Spam, SSL, SVG


Server

Efficient Computer in a Network, serves to allocate data to other computers (see also Client).


Shareware

made-up word from «share» and «software».
In this case "share" means the usage rights on a computer software. Fair sharing of development costs with all purchasers. High quality and fair prices makes authors successful and famous. This is no guarantee for richness, but famosity is helpful for marketing.


Shareware Concept

Everyone has the permission to test the software before purchasing it. Because the price is calculated fair, very much users pay for Shareware and the author gets the same or more money as he has offered his software as regular payware. Most pleased users are fair and do pay for it.


SIM

(abbr.): Subscriber Identification Module. The Chip on a phone card for a mobile phone (GSM cellular phone).


SIM Toolkit

(abbr.): Subscriber Identification Module-Toolkit. Technology for programming of mobile phones. Requires new SIM-cards with double-sized memory. Therewith the SIM-card can active communicate between mobile phone and cellular network provider (for example: «T-Mobile t-zone», «Vodafone live»).


SLR (camera)

Camera with single-lens-reflex technology. The photographer looks direct through the objektiv lens; the picture will be directed from the objektiv through a mirror to a view-finder prism.


Smartphone

(made-up word for a mobile phone with an operating system and PDA-functions like addressbook, calendar, tasks, notice and E-Mail.
A real Smartphone allows to add missed functions by installing more suitable applikations (Apps). That is the reason for their big success.


Smartphone zombie (German: smombie)

is a pedestrian who walks slowly and without attention to their surroundings because they are focussed upon their smartphone. This is now a significant safety hazard as distracted pedestrians cause accidents. Cities such as Chongqing and Antwerp have introduced special lanes for smartphone users to help direct and manage them.

Texting pedestrians may trip over curbs, walk out in front of cars and bump into other walkers. The field of vision of a smartphone user is estimated to be just 5% of a normal pedestrian's. An app which uses the phone's camera to make it seem transparent can be used to provide some warning of hazards. In Augsburg and Cologne, ground-level traffic lights embedded in the pavement have been introduced so that they are more visible to preoccupied pedestrians. In Seoul, warning signs have been placed on the pavement at dangerous intersections following over a thousand road accidents caused by smartphones in South Korea in 2014.

This article is based on the article Smartphone_zombie from the free encyclopedia Wikipedia and is licensed under the dual GNU lizenz for free documentation and Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 3.0 Unported (short version). 
A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.

Software

"Soft Ware": means ware, which you cannot touch. A program, which is running on a chip. See also Firmware.


Source Code

Programming code before compiling (see Compiler). At HTML- or PHP-programming the source code is the finished code, cause it needs no compiling.


Spam

Unwanted E-Mails. Mostly advertising or Malware (see also Junk-Mail).


SSL

(abbr.): Secure Socket Layer. Ciphering method on protokoll level. Using e.g. for ciphering the transmission between your Browser and the datacentre of your bank. Noticeable with the symbol of a padlock at your Browser. A secure internet address begins with https://  (s like secure). Development since version 3.0 with new name TLS.


SVG

(abbr.): Scalable Vector Graphics is the recommended specification of the World Wide Web Consortium ( W3C) to describe 2-dimensional vector graphics. SVG, based on XML, published first in September of 2001.
Some of the most common web browsers can display the majority of the commands. The Internet Explorer needs an extension (plug-in) for that until version 8.
Animations will be supported via SMIL. Manipulations of the SVG-DOM are possible with help of embedded funktions via script languages.
Cause of SVG is a XML-based file format, SVG-files can be edited with a text editor.


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